M.A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium, Chennai

Khadija Khawar

Updated on:

M.A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium, Chennai

M.A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium, also known as Chepauk Stadium, is in Chennai, India. Historically, the stadium is of cosmic value as it is India’s second oldest cricket ground, after Eden Gardens in Kolkata. Earlier, the stadium used to be called Madras Cricket Club Ground, but later on, it was named after the former president of the BCCI and the present head of the TNCA, M.A. Chidambaram Chettiar. The stadium debuted in 1916.

Natraj and Venkat in Chennai designed the stadium’s architecture, whereas the construction tender was given to East Coast Constructions and Hopkins Architects. The Tamil Nadu Cricket Association owns and operates the stadium. Moreover, it is the home ground for the Tamil Nadu cricket teams and Chennai Super Kings.

The first-ever test match at this venue was played between India and England on February 10, 1934. Moreover, in 1938, the first Ranji Trophy Championship was played between India and England following India’s first victory against England, making this the most memorable event in the stadium.

M.A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium, Chennai

Basic Details:

Full NameMuthiah Annamalai Chidambaram Cricket Stadium, Chennai.
Stadium AddressTamilnadu Cricket Associations, M.A. Chidambaram Stadium, Victoria Hostel Road, Chepauk, Chennai, Tamil Nadu – 600005.
Other NamesChepauk Stadium, Madras Cricket Club Ground.
OwnerTamil Nadu Cricket Association.
OperatorTamil Nadu Cricket Association.
Capacity38,000
CoordinatesLatitude: 13.0577
Longitude: 80.2743
TenantsChennai Super Kings (2008 – present)
Tamil Nadu cricket team (1930 – present)
India national cricket team (1934 – present)
End NamesAnna Pavilion End
V. Pattabhiraman Gate End
Boundary LengthOffside 68.58 Meters
Onside 68.58 Meters
Front side 65.83 Meters
Back side 65.83 Meters
Total Area69,900 square meters (752,000 sq. ft.)
Flood LightYes, since the 1996 World Cup
Time ZoneUTC +05:30
PitchGrass

International Matches Details:

First Test10–13 February 1934
India Vs. England
Last Test10–13 February 1934
India Vs. England
First ODI9 October 1987
India Vs. Australia
Last ODI22 March, 2023
India Vs. Australia
First T20I11 September 2012
India Vs. New Zealand
Last T20I11 November, 2018
India Vs. West Indies
Only women’s Test7–9 November, 1976
India Vs. West Indies
First WODI23 February 1984
India Vs. Australia
Last WODI5 March, 2007
Australia Vs. New Zealand
First WT20I23 March, 2016
South Africa Vs. Ireland
Last WT20I27 March, 2016
England Vs. Pakistan

History:

The Stadium is adjacent to the Chepauk Palace, the living place of Nawab of Arcot from 1768 to 1855. Previously, the stadium site used to be part of the Palace grounds.

In 1859, the Madras Presidency acquired the Chepauk palace in an auction for 589,000. Hence, in 1865, the government permitted the Madras Cricket Club to build a pitch and a pavilion on the palace grounds, completed in 1866. However, the pavilion was reconstructed in 1892 and was used till 1982.

Renovations:

In June 2010, the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association approved a renovation project for the stadium, designed by Hopkins Architects and Nataraj & Venkat Architects. The plan was to build three new reinforced concrete stands, named I, J, and K, to accommodate 12,000 people. The roofs of these stands would be made of a translucent PTFE membrane. However, the old testosterone cypionate dosage roofs were held up by pillars that often blocked people’s views, and were replaced with light, quadrilateral roofs held together by wires. Following this renovation project, 50,000 spectators can fit in the stadium. Additionally, the new stands were constructed artistically at an angle of 36°, which lets the sea breeze in and brings back the usual swing of the ground. However, the project was completed in 2011 and caused an approximate expenditure of $22 Million.

Supreme Court’s Order against Renovation:

Subsequently, on March 31, 2015, the Supreme Court passed an order that some renovated parts of the stadium violated regulations for public safety. Therefore, those refurbished parts of the stadium must be demolished, and until further planning permissions, the granted three stands, I, J, and K, must remain sealed for public use. Until 2009, these stands remained closed and finally were open for spectators the following year.

In December 2021, the old Anna pavilion, the Anna pavilion stand, and the MCC clubhouse were demolished to make room for a new pavilion and new stands. Also, temporary seating and standing were removed, and permanent seating was installed, bringing down the capacity to 40,000. The project was estimated to be completed by 2023, and the expenditure was approximately 139 crores ($16.9 million).

The Stadium’s new stand containing Anna Pavilion is named M. Karunanidhi in honor of the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu. On March 17, 2023, it was officially inaugurated by M.K Stalin, the chief minister of Tamil Nadu, and MS Dhoni, the captain of the Chennai Super Kings.

Pitch Report:

Chepauk Stadium is in south India, where the temperature is usually high. Therefore, the pitch is often very dry and hot and breaks down as the game proceeds. Additionally, there is no green grass on this pitch at all. Thus, in the opening overs, the pitch will benefit the batsman, but as the game goes on, the pitch starts to erode with the bowler’s footmarks and heat, which ultimately is very helpful for the spinners. If the batsman can play a spinner, the game can go in the favor of the batting team.

Furthermore, there is no dew factor to consider in this pitch, so the bowler benefits from this end. Hence, bowlers usually enjoy bowls in the second innings of the limited-overs game. The toss-winning team prefers to bat first in T20 matches because the pitch favors batting in the opening overs and benefits the bowling team in the second innings as the game goes on.

Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai Pitch Report

Consequently, the toss-winning team typically decides to bat first because the pitch is batting a supportive surface in the starting overs. It is challenging for a batter to bat, but spinners can be very effective on this pitch. The team with fast bowlers and spinners can have an advantage over the opposite team.

Pitch Statistics and Records:

Pitch Behavior in Test MatchesTest Matches 1st Innings Average Score – 416 runs
Test Matches 2nd Innings Average Score – 408.6 runs
Test Matches 3rd Innings Average Score – 244.6 runs
Test Matches 4th Innings Average Score – 158.6 runs
Pitch Behavior in ODIODI Matches 1st Innings Average Score – 272.2 runs
ODI Matches 2nd Innings Average Score – 230.6 runs
Pitch Behave in T20IT20 Matches 1st Innings Average Score – 174 runs
T20 Matches 2nd Innings Average Score – 165 runs

Enclosures and Architecture:

The Stadium consists of 9 stands, including a Terrace and a special hospitality box, in which A, B, C, F, G, H, and I are the hospitality boxes, whereas D stand is for the media and other technical personnel known as the media box. Additionally, a VIP stand is constructed above the Anna Pavilion, known as the special hospitality box.

  • Pavilion Terrace – Bay 1 & 2
  • C/D/E – Hospitality Box
  • H Hospitality Box – Level 3
  • Anna Pavilion
  • C/D/E – Upper Tier
  • G – Upper Tier
  • C/D/E – Lower Tier
Chepauk Stadium Map location and enclosure

Upper C or Upper D are specifically the best choices to enjoy the finest view of the pitch, as they provide a bird’s eye view of the ground and comfortable seating. The upper and lower E stands are for those who want to be the center of every boundary celebration, as this stand provide a clear view of every boundary. Hence, Pavilion hospitality boxes are the VIP stands.

Therefore, all the stands are arranged in upper and lower-tier seating arrangements. Overall, there are a total of 4 gates to enter the stands:

  • M.J. Gopalan Gate, in the south side’s pavilion car parking lot
  • MCC Gate, in the south-west corner of the stadium
  • A.G. Ram Singh Gate, in the west of the stadium on Bells road
  • V.J Pattabhiraman Gate, in the north of the stadium on Wallahaja Road

Memorable Events:

  • In November 1934, the first match of the Ranji Trophy was played between Madras and Mysore at Chepauk.
  • The first-ever victory for India against England was recorded in their 24th match at Chepauk in 1952.
  • The second match that Tied in the history of Test Cricket was played at this venue between India and Australia in 1986. 
  • In 1983, Sunil Gavaskar earned his 30th century in test cricket and consequently, broke down Don Bradman’s record for making the most centuries in Test Format.
  • As of August 2023, Narendra Hirwani is the only Indian bowler with sixteen wickets in his Test debut at Chidambaram Stadium. These 16 wickets for 136 runs in a test match are still a record for any bowler in his debut match.
  • In 2004, Shane Warne topped Muttiah Muralitharan’s 532 Test wickets and became the highest wicket-taker.
  • Virender Sehwag holds the record for scoring the fastest triple century, 300 off just 278 balls, in a match against South Africa.
  • At this venue, Rahul David scored 10,000 test runs in a match against South Africa.
  • This is where Sachin Tendulkar has earned more runs than any other stadium in India, with 876 runs with an average of 87 in just nine test matches.
  • In March 2001, India defeated Australia by two wickets at this stadium and clamped the Border Gavaskar Trophy, ultimately ending Australia’s 16-match winning streak in test cricket.
  • In 2008, India’s massive chase of 387/4 against England in the fourth innings of the test match undoubtedly became the fastest chase in any test match. 
  • In February 2013, Mahindra Singh Dhoni became the only Indian Wicket-keeper Batsman to score an excellent double century off just 268 balls in a test match against Australia.
CSK massive win in IPL

Stadium Statistics and Records:

STATS – TEST

Total Matches35
Matches Won While Batting First12
Matches Won While Bowling First10
Average 1st Inns Scores340
Average 2nd Inns Scores339
Average 3rd Inns Scores239
Average 4th Inns Scores159
Highest Total Recorded759/7 (190.4 Overs) by IND vs. ENG
Lowest Total Recorded83/10 (38.5 Overs) by IND vs. ENG

STATS – ODI

Total Matches34
Matches Won While Batting First17
Matches Won While Bowling First16
Average 1st Inns Scores224
Average 2nd Inns Scores205
Highest Total Recorded337/7 (50 Overs) by ASIA XI vs. AFRICA XI
Lowest Total Recorded69/10 (23.5 Overs) by KEN vs. NZ
Highest Score Chased291/2 (47.5 Overs) by WI vs. IND
Lowest Score Defended171/10 (45.4 Overs) by ENG vs. RSA

T20 Matches

Total Matches6
Matches Won While Batting First5
Matches Won Bowling First1
Average 1st Inns Scores150
Average 2nd Inns Scores119
Highest Total Recorded182/4 (20 Overs) by IND vs. WI
Lowest Total Recorded80/10 (17.5 Overs) by PAKW vs. ENGW
Highest Score Chased182/4 (20 Overs) by IND vs. WI
Lowest Score Defended103/8 (20 Overs) by WIW vs. PAKW

Cricket World Cup:

Particularly, this Stadium has the honor of hosting seven ODI matches across three World Cups.

1987 Cricket World Cup9 October, 1987Australia Vs. Australia Australia won by 1 run.
 13 October, 1987Zimbabwe Vs. IndiaAustralia won by 96 runs.
1996 Cricket World Cup11 March, 1996New Zealand Vs. AustraliaAustralia won by 6 wickets.
2011 Cricket World Cup20 February, 2011Kenya Vs. New Zealand New Zealand won by 10 wickets.
 6 March, 2011England Vs. South Africa England won by 6 runs.
 17 March, 2011England Vs. West Indies England won by 18 runs.
 20 March, 2011India Vs. West IndiesIndia won by 80 runs.

Is M.A. Chidambaram Stadium batting or bowling pitch?

Chidambaram Stadium’s Pitch is very dry and hard which supports batters in the opening overs and as the game goes on the erosion of the pitch becomes helpful for the spinner.

What is the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium famous for?

Chepauk Stadium is famous for its historical importance and sporting pitch. It is the second-oldest stadium in India after Eden Gardens in Kolkata.

What is the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium famous for?

This Stadium is famous for its historical importance and sporting pitch. It is the second-oldest stadium in India after Eden Gardens in Kolkata.

How many matches did CSK win in Chepauk Stadium?

To date at Chepauk Stadium CSK has played 62 IPL matches and of those they have 44 matches and lost 18 times.

Which stand is best in MA Chidambaram Stadium?

Upper C or Upper D are specifically the best choices to enjoy the finest view of the pitch.

What is the average T20I first innings score at M.A. Chidambaram Stadium’s pitch?

The average score is 174 runs in the first innings of T20I matches at M.A. Chidambaram Stadium.

What is the full name of M.A. Chidambaram Stadium?

Muthiah Annamalai Chidambaram Stadium usually, known as Chepauk Stadium.

With a natural flair for words, Khadija's writing talent transforms ordinary ideas into extraordinary pieces. Her ability to express thoughts with creativity and clarity makes their work a pleasure to read.

Leave a Comment